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CTSO: Progress Towards Adoption, Reimbursement and Standard-of-Care

By Brian Marckx, CFA


Progress Towards Broader Adoption, Improved Reimbursement and Acceptance as Standard of Care…

Since the mid-November announcement that Q3 set a new quarterly record in product sales, CytoSorbents (NASDAQ:CTSO) has already made additional progress towards not only the roll-out of CytSorb across Europe but also in fortifying the fundamentals which have the potential to broaden adoption and use as standard of care.  Among the recent highlights include gaining dedicated reimbursement in Germany and progress towards the same in the U.K., additional positive outcomes data which was presented at SepsEast 2016 and initial successful use in a patient with Dengue Fever.

Obtaining a dedicated reimbursement procedure code in Germany, which CTSO announced in early December, has the potential in our opinion to have a significant and almost immediate (the code is effective Jan 1, 2017) positive impact on sales of CytoSorb.  Management expects the dedicated, permanent reimbursement code, which should eliminate any ambiguity in terms of payment rates and risk that hospitals are not paid for using the device, to result in much higher reimbursement.  With Germany being the largest medical device country in Europe and where CTSO has dedicated much of its early commercialization efforts, this could have a meaningful positive effect on uptake and adoption of CytoSorb and related revenue.  As reimbursement, or the lack thereof, can play a significant role in a clinician’s/hospital’s decision regarding whether they will use a particular therapy, dedicated and reliable reimbursement should provide another impetus towards driving CytoSorb towards standard-of-care status for at least those indications which have already borne out a history of treatment successes.

Also, as it relates to reimbursement, use of CytoSorb in sepsis was the subject of a recent MedTech Innovation Briefing (MIB).  MIB’s are reviews by the U.K.’s National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) to evaluate new medical device technologies for potential inclusion in and reimbursement for use of the device in the U.K.’s national healthcare system.  MIB’s include an assessment of the technology, supporting clinical evidence, its intended use and general comments by the evaluators.   The CytoSorb MIB can be found here (

Among the “specialist commentators” comments were that while the technology showed promise, further studies are warranted including those demonstrating outcomes such as length of stay in the ICU, the need for vasopressors or renal replacement therapy.  We note that several of the case and investigator studies using CytoSorb in critically ill patients have indicated/suggested that the device has benefits in all of these areas and with more specifics related to the ability to reduce the use of vasopressors.  In fact the commentators noted that, “it is still unclear whether removing cytokines can affect mortality and outcomes in a beneficial way, although they felt it was clear that it can reduce the dose of vasopressor drugs needed, which is beneficial because these drugs can have harmful effects.”  And while cost was noted as a possible issue (as cost of CytoSorb would be in addition to current sepsis standard of care), if CytoSorb is able to reduce length of stay and/or use of vasopressors, it was noted that that could potentially reduce overall treatment costs.

MIB’s are regularly updated with new information, including new clinical data.  So as additional supporting evidence becomes available (such as data from several ongoing studies, including those highlighted at SepsEast2016, below), it should help strengthen the case for use of CtyoSorb for sepsis, as well as for other critical care indications.  As this could eventually result in widespread adoption of CytoSorb in the U.K. healthcare system, this will be something to stay tuned to.

CTSO had a busy schedule at SepsEast2016, a leading Europe-based sepsis-related conference held in mid-November.  CytoSorb was the subject of several presentations and lectures, content which included some of the most recent evidence from clinical studies and case reports supporting CytoSorb’s utility in the treatment of sepsis.  Additionally, a panel of physicians which are active users of CytoSorb provided the first consensus statement on its use which, among the recommendations, was for CytoSorb therapy to be initiated within the first 24 hours of the onset of septic shock and for frequent changes of the CytoSorb adsorber.

Among the presentations were;

Interim data from ACESS (
Adsorption of Cytokines Early in Septic Shock), a ~20-patient study being conducted at University of Szeged in Hungary, indicates improvement in certain sepsis-related biomarkers and measures including SOFA (Sepsis-related Organ Failure Assessment) among patients treated with CytoSorb.  ACESS is evaluating CytoSorb treatment within the first 48 hours of septic shock on certain parameters including organ dysfunction, circulation and cytokine storm.  Patients are randomized to either CytoSorb treatment and standard of care or standard of care alone.

Early versus late intervention with CytoSorb in septic shock.  Data from septic shock and SIRS case series indicating that when CytoSorb is used within the first 24 hours.  As a reminder, data from a case series of 14 critically-ill patients with multi-organ failure showed that overall survival was 36% but increased to 67% when CytoSorb therapy was initiated within 24 hours.  Additionally, data showed that after CytoSorb therapy was started, there was a 10-fold decrease in catecholamine vasopressor and a ~50% reduction in lactate levels (lactate level is a marker for cellulary hypoxia, which is positively correlated with mortality).

As we have recently noted in our ongoing coverage of CTSO, the growing amount of evidence indicating CytoSorb therapy is associated with improved patient outcomes makes it increasingly difficult to ignore the association between its use and utility in saving lives.  As it relates to sepsis, the SepsEast2016 presentations follow positive results from an investigator initiated septic shock study (n=22) conducted in Germany which were presented at the Symposium for Intensive Medicine + Intensive Care in Bremen, Germany earlier this year.  Ongoing and planned studies, along with case series and a very active and rapidly growing user’s registry should provide a fairly regular flow of data and offer additional insight into CytoSorb’s place in sepsis treatment (as well as a host of other applications).

While animal-borne viral infections have not been a significant focus of CTSO’s, CytoSorb has been successfully used in the past for conditions such as swine flu and been investigated for treatment of MERS.  And with the November 2016 announcement that a patient with Dengue virus infection recovered after treatment with CytoSorb therapy at a hospital in India, this could open up a relatively new area of focus for CytSorb.  Per the case report, recently published in the Journal of Evidence Based Medicine Healthcare, the patient went into septic shock, had multiple organ failure and continued to deteriorate.  CytoSorb along with renal replacement therapy was given for 6 hours on days 2, 4 and 6.  His APACHE II score of 27 (i.e. measure of acute health, higher = worse) when CytoSorb therapy was initiated, fell to 12 after the third CytoSorb therapy.  The patient was removed from the ICU on day 13 and subsequently discharged.  The author of the manuscript, Dr. Zafir A. Khan, Director of the Department of Internal Medicine at Noble Hospital in Pune, India, credited CytoSorb with helping to stabilize the patient.

We cover CTSO with a $12.50/share price target.  See below for free access to our most recent Investor Note on the company.


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